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Pakistan, officially named the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, draws attention with its unique nature, huge mountains and deep culture. Pakistan, located in South Asia, is a culturally and historically rich country just like Iran, Afghanistan and India. Approximately 220 million people live in Pakistan, one of the most populous countries in the region.

Pakistan travel guide

Language Urdu and English
Capital of Pakistan Islamabad
Continent South Asia
Time Zone GMT+5
Currency Pakistani Rupee (PKR)
Socket Type C, D 230V/50hz
Annual Average Temperature 6,2°C
Area 881.913 km²
Vegetation Forest
Telephone Code +92

The Capital of Pakistan

Built at the foot of the historic city of Rawalpindi, Islamabad reflects the modern face of ancient lands with surrounding mountains.

Pakistan Currency

The official currency of the country is Pakistani Rupee (PKR).

Official Language

Pakistan's official languages are Urdu and English. 74 different languages are spoken by the people of Pakistan. Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Urdu and English are among the most spoken languages in the country.

Common Phrases:

Hello: Aslaam Alaiqum

How are you? Kya Haal Hey?

Thank you: Shukria

Yes/No: Haan/Nahi

Water: Paani

Food: Khana

OK: Teek Hey

Bye: Allah/Khuda Hafiz

How much is this? Kith-nay ka hai?


Pakistan, one of the countries with the largest Muslim population in the world, has a very important strategic geographical location in Asia. Afghanistan and Iran are located in the west of the country, China in the north, India in the east and the Sea of Oman in the south. Pakistan, which gained independence in 1947, consists of 4 provinces and one federal territory: Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Islamabad and Balochistan.

Nature in Pakistan

Pakistan is blessed with vast plains in the Indus basin, a rocky span of plateaus in the southwest and majestic mountains in the north with beautiful valleys, snow-covered peaks and glaciers. A large part of Pakistan is a mountainous land and has 108 peaks above 7000 m out of which five of the 14 highest independent peaks in the world are in Pakistan including three of the world's biggest and most spectacular mountain ranges, the Himalaya, the Karakoram and the Hindukush. K2 also known as Mount Godwin- Austen is considered the National Mountain of Pakistan. It is the second highest mountain in the world with the 8,611 meters above sea level. K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram mountain range. Deosai plains, Baltora Glaciers, Hingol National Park, Neelum Valley, Thar Desert, Saiful Muluk, Hunza Valley, Mohenjo-Daro are just a few of the spectacles to see in Pakistan.

Climate of Pakistan

The Pakistani climate is hot and dry. Since Pakistan is a large country, the air temperature also differs in most places. The temperature varies depending on the altitude in the mountains. So Pakistan has a climate that can vary between polar climate or extreme hot climate. In plateaus, the air temperature varies from season to season. The air temperature, which reaches almost 46°C in June, can go down to 4°C in January-February.

Economy and Livelihood

Pakistan's underground resources are not so rich. There are mostly natural gas and iron reserves. There are also coal, petroleum, chromite, limestone and gypsum. Pakistan's economy is largely based on agriculture. More than half of the people make their living with agriculture. Approximately 50% of the cultivated areas are for rice and wheat. Other growing agricultural products are corn, barley and cotton. The most profitable product of Pakistan is jute. Tea, tobacco, sugar cane, fruit and vegetables are also grown frequently throughout the country.

Travel to Pakistan

Istanbul is 4950 km far away from Islamabad. This distance will take approximately 2 days and 11 hours by car. If you plan to travel by plane, you can complete the 3947 km journey in approximately 5 hours and 40 minutes. You may travel from Istanbul airports to Jinnah International Airport, Karachi, with direct flights.

Transportation in Pakistan

Bus and Minibus

Buses, the most economical way to travel in Pakistan, connect many cities. For comfortable transportation, you can choose big companies such as Skyways, NATCO, Daewoo and buy your tickets online. The only transportation option among smaller villages is usually minibuses or vans.


There is a large railway network in Pakistan that connects Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Hyderabad and many small cities between them. There are too many ticket options for different budgets. You can prefer a sleeper, business class or economy class ticket.


Most Pakistani do not use taxis between cities with bus routes, but you can rent a private taxi for travel to a particular destination.

Transportation to Pakistan Airports

You can use Express Shuttle, Taxi, Minivan or Coach. Taxis, vans and buses take passengers directly to the nearest point to their destination in Pakistan.

Places to Visit in Pakistan

The best way to get to know Pakistan's culture and traditions is to go to the country's most famous cities and landmarks. You can take a closer look at the 6 most important cities of the country and get preliminary information before make your trip plan.

places to visit in Pakistan


Established as a small fishing town in the 17th century, Karachi has now turned into the country's financial and commercial center, with a population of nearly 20 million. Hyperstar Mall, Clifton Beach, Quaid E Azam Tomb, Saddar Town and Bagh Ibne Qasim are among the main places you should see in Karachi.


Being the safest, most organized and developed city of Pakistan, Islamabad symbolizes the modern face of the country. Islamabad, which is an autonomous city between Hayber Pahtunhva and Punjab state in the north of Pakistan, is the 6th largest city of Pakistan with its population of approximately 1 million, but it is the administrative and international financial center of the country.


Lahore, which is one of the most suitable places to get to know the country culture and local life, fascinates tourists with its exotic beauty. Don't forget to visit the Badshahi Mosque, Jilani Park, Wazir Khan Hammam, Sultan Mosque, Lahore Museum and Lahore Castle as you stroll through the spicy-scented streets of Lahore. Described as the most important cultural city in the country, Lahore also hides impressive landscapes for photography enthusiasts.


Faysalabad, the country's third largest city, is full of surprises. Completing its industrial development, the city welcomes its visitors with peaceful parks, busy markets and eye-catching city icons. Chiniot Bazaar, Gatwala Park, Jinnah Garden, Clock Tower and Gumti Water Fountain are among the main attractions of the city.


Ravalpindi, which stands out with its old touristic locations such as Ayub National Park, Pakistan Army Museum, Rawat Fort and Jinnah Park, is a lovely city in the province of Punjab. Approximately 2.2 million people live in Ravalpindi, the country's fourth largest settlement after the cities of Karachi, Lahore and Faysalabad.


Multan, located in the Punjab region of Pakistan, is known as the city of sikhs and shrines. Approximately 2 million people live in this city, which attracts tourists with its historical structures such as Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam, Chowk Ghanta Ghar, Fort Kohna Qasim Garden and Shrine of Bahauddin Zakariya. Multan, the sixth largest city in the country, is also a highly developed settlement in terms of transportation opportunities.

What to Eat in Pakistan?

Pakistani cuisine, affected by South Asian culture, contains different options to appeal to all tastes. In Pakistani cuisine, vegetables, legumes and meat are consumed equally. The public likes to eat and they attach great importance to the appearance of the meals. Spices are often included in traditional dishes. Pakistanis add spices such as peppermint and cumin into meals. Meatballs, curry meats and chicken skewers are among the most popular dishes in the country.

Pakistan Cuisine

  • Haleem and Hareesa
  • Halwa Puri
  • Kebabs
  • Balti
  • Biryani
  • Raita
  • Saag

Pakistan Restaurants

  • B.Q Tonight (Islamabad)
  • Tapas Restaurant (Islamabad)
  • Kolachi Restaurant (Karachi)
  • Zoaq Restaurant (Karachi)
  • Junoon Restaurant (Lahore)


Where to Stay in Pakistan?

There are many accommodation options for every budget in Pakistan. Most major cities have modern hotels. There are excellent facilities in the hotels including swimming pools and fitness centers. In addition, country houses, mountain huts and bungalows are frequently located in tourist locations and health centers. Camping is also possible, especially in mountainous areas where there are no hotels. A certain rate of hotel occupancy tax may be added to the cost of accommodation. For this reason, it is important to book in advance and check the reservations.


Shopping in Pakistan: Best Souvenirs to Buy

The Empress Market is one of Pakistan's most famous bazaars. When you go to the city centers, you may discover big and small stores. There are also famous shopping malls in big cities. Fabrics and clothing products can be found everywhere throughout the country. Multan pottery, onyx, shawls, jewelry, rugs, and carpets can be listed among the main souvenirs that you can buy from Pakistan.

Nightlife in Pakistan

free hall night view

Alcohol use is prohibited for Muslims in Pakistan. Night meals, walking in the park, shopping or car trip summarize the nightlife of Pakistani families. However, there are many nightclubs and bars in Pakistan, that can be enjoyed by both locals and tourists.

Holidays in Pakistan

  • Pakistan Day (23 March)
  • Labor Day (May 1)
  • Independence Day (August 14)
  • Defense Day (September 6)
  • Quaid-e-Azam's Death Anniversary (September 11)
  • Quaid-e-Azam’s Birthday (December 25)
  • Religious Holidays (Changes every year)
  • Day of Ashura (Changes every year)


Festivals in Pakistan

  • Festival of Million Lamps (March)
  • Sindh Horse and Cattle Show (March)
  • Chilimjusht Or Joshi ( May)
  • Eid ul Fitr (October)
  • Eid ul Azha (December)


Visa Requirements

Passengers traveling to Pakistan need to carry a passport that is valid at least for 6 months from the date of arrival and at least one of its pages should be blank for stamping. Applicants can stay in the country for up to 30 days at first entry for less than 3 months travel visa.

Things to Know Before Visiting Pakistan

  • Make sure to have all your necessary travel and identity documents or photocopies of them with you.
  • Don’t forget to bargain. You can easily find everything you need in city bazaars. You may have a great shopping experience with a good bargain.
  • You may not be able to use your credit card in some places in Pakistan. Therefore, always carry some local cash with you.

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