With just 42.933 km² of land and population of just over 5,7 million, Denmark definitely qualifies for a place in the league of small nations. The Kingdom of Denmark or the Kongeriget Danmark located between the North Sea and Baltic and on the periphery of the European continent but also provides a bridging link to the rest of the Scandinavian peninsula.
The smallest country in Scandinavia; one of the world’s oldest monarchies; twice named the happiest people on earth; bicycle culture; wind energy; home of Hans Christian Andersen – Chart-topping contentment and quality of life, blockbuster dining, and design, and a cheerful emphasis on hygge – but Denmark is so much more! The national anthem begins with “There is a lovely Land”… Any visitor will agree with every word of it. It’s worthwhile exploring this tiny and yet so big Nordic country, which left its mark on the world stage.
General Information About Denmark
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Danish or Dansk, Faroese (spoken in the Faroe Islands), Greenlandic (in Greenland), German (small minority)
Note: Most Danes are multilingual. The most common languages include English, German, and Norwegian. Swedish and Norwegian may be understood and spoken basically. English is the predominant second language.
Common Phrases in Danish
- ● Mange tak! - Thanks a lot!
- ● Hvordan har du det? – How are you?
- ● Hvad hedder du? – What is your name?
- ● Hej mit navn er … - My name is …
- ● Jeg taler ikke dansk. – I don’t speak Danish.
The Population of Denmark
5,809,502 (July 2018 est.) people live in Denmark. With excellent access to the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, and the Baltic Sea, population centers tend to be along the coastal areas, particularly in Copenhagen and the eastern side of the country's mainland. Over 1 million people live in the greater Copenhagen area, while the other major populated cities are Arhus, Aalborg, Odense, Esbjerg, Vejle, Randers, Viborg, Kolding, and Silkeborg. All located in Jutland except Odense.
Danish (includes Greenlandic (who are predominantly Inuit) and Faroese) 86.3%, Turkish 1.1%, other 12.6% (largest groups are Polish, Syrian, German, Iraqi, and Romanian) (2018 est.)
Denmark is in the north of Germany (has a 68 kilometer shared border which is the only physical border), west of Sweden (divided by the Øresund and Baltic Sea) and south of Norway (divided by the Skagerrak) and east of Great Britain (divided by the North Sea).
It consists of the peninsula of Jutland and is an archipelago made up of 527 islands (two major islands: Sjaelland and Fyn). While they are recognized as part of the Danish Kingdom, the island group known as the Faroe Islands are self-governing.
Denmark has 7,314 miles (11,771 km) of coastline, which is longer than the Great Wall of China. No place in Denmark is more than 30 miles (50 km) from the sea. In other words, you are never far away from the sea, and it’s never more than 1 hour away from any point in Denmark.
With 74.8%, the official religion is Evangelical Lutheran and Muslims follow with 5.3%.
Denmark, which is a member of the European Union (EU) is in the Central European Time Zone (CET)
Central European Standard Time is one hour ahead of GMT/UTC or GMT+1
Central European Summer Time is 2 hours ahead of GMT/UTC or GMT+2
Currency in Denmark
Danish krone (DKK). Denmark has negotiated an opt-out from the euro and thus is not obliged to introduce it.
Climate in Denmark
The weather in Denmark is often very unpredictable. Being influenced by the ocean and thus is dominated marine type of climate. Winters are usually mild and cold, summers are rarely hot but warm and very delightful. Clouds, humidity, rain, and wind are predominant in Denmark. Rain falls throughout the year but is relatively light in winter and spring and greatest from late summer through autumn. Denmark's geographical position of being so far north affects winter daylight hours, as the sun rises by 8 AM, and sets no later than 4 PM. The winter days are short, cold nights, almost always at freezing. February is the coldest month with an average temperature of 0ºC. Snow falls from December through March but seldom lasts long.
Surrounded by the North Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean, Greenlands’s climate is arctic in nature. Snow never melts in Greenland.
The Danish culture is based on "Jante Law". It's a concept created by Norwegian/Danish author Axel Sandemose in his 1933 novel, "A Fugitive Crosses His Tracks". It states that everyone is equal, no one is special and everyone should be treated as such.
In Denmark, there is a strong regard for the common good. Freedom for the individual, equality, respect, tolerance and a strong sense of mutual trust are core values in Denmark.
Danish cycling culture is as old as the bicycle itself. The “bike” is a Dane’s best friend. Danish cities are among the most bicycle-friendly in the world with comprehensive systems of bicycle lanes in most major cities and designated bicycle routes crisscrossing the nation. Thus, there are more bicycles than humans in Copenhagen.
A wonderful Danish phenomenon is encapsulated in the miracle word “hygge”. It is a cozy feeling of relaxing and enjoying yourself in your own company or together with others. It not only constitutes a lifestyle but is the country’s trademark which shows the Danish soul.
Holidays in Denmark
Denmark is a lively Country in Europe with an annual calendar filled with events.
Christmas, Easter and the midsummer festival of Saint Hans are among the most important holidays. The major national holiday in Denmark is Independence Day, which is celebrated on June 5th annually. The Queen’s Birthday in April is also marked, especially in Copenhagen, by parades and ceremony.
The Rock Festival in Roskilde is the most popular event along with the Copenhagen International Jazz Festival.
Travel to Denmark
Most people who visit Denmark travel by air. Denmark has several international airports, the largest of which are Copenhagen and Billund. The vast majority of overseas travelers will fly into the Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup. There are also domestic flights between Copenhagen and the cities of Aalborg, Aarhus, and Rønne.