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Romania is located in the southeastern part of Europe, on the south edge of the Balkans with a population of almost 20 million. The country has spectacular historic landmarks, gorgeous natural wonders, and a vibrant social atmosphere. Romania has a lot to offer for its visitors all around and attracts up to two and a half million international tourists every year.

Romania travel guide

General Information About Romania

Language Romanian
Capital of Romania Bucharest
Continent Europe
Time Zone GMT+3
Currency Romanian Leu
Socket Type C,F – 230V
Annual Average Temperature 10,8°C
Climate Temperate Continental Climate
Area 238.397 km²
Political System Parliamentary Republic
Vegetation Steppe and Forest
Main Economic Activities Agriculture, Energy and Services
Telephone Code +40



Romanian is the only official language of the country. A significant amount of people in Romania can also speak Hungarian and Romanian. Common Phrases in Romanian

  • Mulțumesc mult! – Thanks a lot!
  • Ce mai faci? – How are you?
  • Cum te numești? – What is your name?
  • Buna, numele meu este … - Hello, my name is …
  • Nu vorbesc limba română – I don’t speak Romanian.

Capital of Romania

Bucharest is the capital city of Romania and located in the southern part of the country. Bucharest is also a prominent cultural, economic and historic center of the country.

Time Zone

Romania has only 1 time zone. The country follows the Greenwich Mean Time GMT +3.


The currency used in Romania is Romanian Leu (RON or lei). Romania government is planning to switch to the Euro in 2023. There are many currency exchange vendors and banks in populated areas.

Main Economic Activities

Even though most of Romania’s economy is depending on agriculture, the country is one of the fastest developing countries in EU in terms of energy, IT, and biotechnology sectors.

Where is Romania?

Romania is located in the southeastern part of Europe. Its neighbors are Ukraine, Moldova, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria. The country also has access to the Black Sea to the east.

Best Time to Visit Romania

Most of Romania has a continental climate with hot summers and cold/snowy winters. The best time to visit Romania is during summer or early autumn since the weather is more welcoming with a lesser chance of rain.

How to Get to Romania?

Pegasus Airlines offers direct flights to Henri Coandă International Airport from İstanbul Sabiha Gökçen Airport. The flight duration to Bucharest from İstanbul is 1 hour and 20 minutes. You can buy your direct flight tickets to Bucharest from İstanbul from here.

Public Transportation in Romania

You can use public buses, trams, trolleybuses and taxis to get around in cities. Romania does not have a public metro service except for Bucharest. In order to use public transport, you need to buy a rechargeable “Multiplu” card from kiosks and sale points which are available in most stops in the city centers. The initial cost of card is 1.80 lei.

There are also many taxis available in populated areas and they offer fixed fares for specific routes. It is recommended for you to download a taxi service application to avoid excessive fares. Taxis cost around 1.50 lei per kilometer.

Transportation from Henri Coandă International Airport to City Center

Henri Coandă International Airport is the most used airport of Bucharest and located 16 kilometers north of the city center. The airport is also known as the Otopeni Airport. You can get to the city center with train, bus and taxi.

Express 783 bus line connects the airport to the city center while making stops in significant tourism destinations such as Piața Romană, Piața Universității, Piata Victoriei. You can find the bus in front of the Arrivals Terminal. The bus is available 24/7 and departs with 20 minute intervals during the day and costs 3.5 lei for one trip. At night, the bus departs with 40 minute intervals. Express 782 bus line is also available in the airport to get to the city center with a different route.

The train is another option for you. You can buy the ticket for 8.1 lei that includes 2 kilometers ride with the shuttle bus to the train station. The service is available every hour between 5.15 am and 8.20 pm. It is strongly recommended for you to ask for the train schedule from the CFR ticket counter beforehand.

There are many taxis that offer fixed prices for visitors to the main attractions of Bucharest. There is a newly implemented ticketing system in the airport to prevent fraud cases. Taxis cost 1.36 lei per kilometer.

Places to Visit in Romania

Bucharest is one of the most significant spots in Eastern Balkans in terms of cultural he

ritage and historical landmarks, thus the city attracts more than a million and a half tourists annually.

Ateneum Bucharest

Ateneum, Bucharest

Bucharest Parliament Building

Bucharest Parliament Building is the iconic symbol of Bucharest. The palace is the largest parliament building in the world and located in the heart of the city. It was completed in 1997. There are guided tours in the palace every half hour.


Lipscani neighborhood is the old center of the city. There are numerous historical buildings, top-notch restaurants and cafes scattered around Lipscani. The neighborhood is also a great place to shop from reputable brands as well as authentic Romanian vendors.

King Mihai I Park (Herăstrău Park)

King Michael I Park is the go-to place for locals to get away from the noise of the city. The park is home to a spectacular lake and swarming with flowers, trees and amazing restaurants.

Where to Stay in Bucharest?

Bucharest is one of the fastest-growing tourism destinations of the Balkans and offers a variety of accommodation options to its visitors.

If you are in Bucharest for the first time, it is recommended for you to stay in hotels around Piața Unirii since you will be walking distance away from cities’ most popular historic and cultural attractions. Piața Unirii is located in the old part of the city and surrounded by many great restaurants, cafes, and bars.

If you are looking for a calmer vacation, it is recommended for you to stay in hotels around Dorobanti district. The district is away from the noise of the city and has plenty of green parks. These hotels are also closer to the airport.


What to Eat in Bucharest?

Bucharest’s multicultural environment can be observed through its one of a kind cuisine. Although the blended soup recipes of Bucharest are well-known throughout the world, meat is the key ingredient of almost every traditional meal. Mititei (Mici) Mititei is the renowned meatball recipe of Romanian cuisine with plenty of various spices and garlic. “Fabrica de Mici” is one of the best restaurants that serve traditional Mititei. Tochitură Tochitură is made with beef or pork in tomato sauce and traditionally accompanied with eggs and Romanian corn polenta. “Vatra Restaurant” serves one of the best Tochitură in Old Town. Papanași Papanași is the traditional sweet doughnut recipe of Romanian cuisine. Papanaşi consists of authentic Bucharest cheese, sour cream and jam. “Caru' cu bere” in the Old Town serves one of the best Papanaşi in Bucharest.

Shopping in Romania: Best Souvenirs to Buy

Romania is famous for its handicrafts, pottery, ornaments, and rugs. There are many traditional shops in popular tourism destinations where you can enjoy a selection of amazing local crafts.

Things to Know Before Visiting Romania

  • It is customary to leave a 10% tip in restaurants.
  • There is no night tariff in popular tourism cities.
  • Visitors should always be cautious about pickpocketing in public transport.

Nightlife in Bucharest

places to visit in Romania

Romanian people love good music. There are countless concerts in Romania throughout the year and this love for music established a dynamic and diverse nightlife in its main cities. Bucharest offers a variety of nightlife options to its visitors, especially in the Old Town district.

Holidays in Romania

Some religious days are subject to change every year such as Easter Holiday or Eid Al Fitr (End of Ramadan).

  • 1st and 2nd of January – New Year’s Day and Holiday
  • 24th of January – Unification Day
  • 26th of April – Orthodox Good Friday
  • 29th of April – Orthodox Easter Monday
  • 30th of April – Romania Public Holiday
  • 1st of May – Labour Day
  • 1st of June – Children’s Day
  • 16th of June – Orthodox Pentecost
  • 17th of June – Descent of the Holy Spirit
  • 15th of August – St. Mary’s Day
  • 30th of November – Feast of St. Andrew
  • 1st of December – National Day
  • 25th and 26th of December – Christmas Day and Holiday

Festivals in Romania

  • UNTOLD Festival (November, Cluj-Napoca)
  • Bucharest International Jazz Competition (May, Bucharest)
  • Bucharest Art Film Festival (June-July, Bucharest)
  • Transylvania International Film Festival (May-June, Cluj-Napoca)

Visa Requirements

Romania is one of the Schengen Area countries and mandates an application process to its visitors. The application is possible through the national embassies or via private visa application companies. For further information, you can check the official site from here.

You can learn the details of the Romania visa application process from the "Romania Visa Guide" article.

FAQ about Romania

Do people in Romania understand English?

No, most of the locals can’t understand English except for young people and tourism industry employees.

Is Romania an expensive country?

No, Romania is a budget-friendly country.

Is tap water drinkable?

No, most Romanians usually drink bottled water.

Is Romania safe?

Yes, Romania is a fairly safe country. However, visitors should be cautious about pickpocketing in various means of public transport and crowded areas.

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