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Berlin Travel Guide

Located in the north of Germany, Berlin is the capital of Germany and one of the most populous cities in Europe. The city, which is also the capital of Berlin state, has become a political and cultural center of Europe, with its 12 districts. 

Berlin travel guide

It is one of the greenest cities in the world and has a vibrant nightlife, countless museums, and a deep-rooted history. Berlin is visited by hundreds of thousands of tourists every year.

General Information About Berlin

Country: Germany
Region: Brandenburg Metropolitan Region
Area: 891.7 km2
Language: German
Average temperature: 9 °C
Climate: Oceanic Climate
Vegetation: Forest
The difference between GMT: UTC+1
Telephone Code: +030
Currency: Euro
Socket Type: Type F

How to Get to Berlin?

As a cheaper and faster way to get to Berlin is by airplane. Berlin has two airports, Tegel and Schönefeld Airport. Both of these airports are accessible with Berlin’s well-developed public transportation system. 

You can buy your İstanbul to Berlin Schönefeld Airport flight tickets by clicking here.


Transportation from Berlin Schönefeld Airport to City Center

Schönefeld Airport is approximately 18 kilometers southeast of Berlin city center. Schönefeld is connected to the city center by S49 and S9 lines of the S-Bahn railway. In addition, several AirportExpress trains depart every 30 minutes. These trains serve between Hauptbahnhof, Ostbahnhof, Friedrichstraße, Alexanderplatz and Zoologischer Garten. The journey takes about 45 minutes through these lines.


Public Transport in Berlin

Berlin is a well-developed city and has lots of options to navigate around the city. The railway network covers most of the city. There are also trams, buses, and ferries throughout Berlin. Bicycles are also popularly used, which is especially enjoyable for the tourists who want to explore the city in a slow pace and enjoy the streets.  You can also buy a Berlin Pass to use all the public transport for a discounted price. There are several types of passes and packages, also some of them offer free or discounted entry to popular tourist attractions and tours and some even include discounts on restaurants.  You can purchase your pass online. 

Best Time to Visit Berlin

best time to visit Berlin

You may go to Berlin at any season, but since it is a Northern European city, the weather can be unstable. Winter is quite cold and it usually snows until the end of March. Summer months are cool and sometimes rainy. Most precipitation occurs in July and August. Even if you are visiting in the summer, you should be prepared for sudden temperature changes, cold winds and rainfall.

Festivals in Berlin

  • Berlinale 
  • Karnival der Kulturen
  • Berlin Music Festival
  • Love Parade
  • Berlin Stiletto Run
  • Berlin Tattoo Convention
  • Festival of Lights
  • Berlin Marathon

Places to Visit in Berlin 

Berlin is a very lively city with many sights, restaurants, museums and art. You should definitely visit the historical landmarks as well as the museums in this beautiful city.

Brandenburg Tor

Brandenburg Tor

Brandenburg Tor, one of the most important symbols of Berlin, was built between 1788 and 1791. This spectacular gate, built at the request of King Friedrich Willhelm III of Prussia, was inspired by the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. 

Reichstag Building

berlin Reichstag Building

The building, known as the German Parliament Building, is a fine example of high Renaissance and classicism. Reichstag was built in 1894 by the architect Paul Wallot. A very unique element of this historical building is its glass dome. If you want to see this dome, you must book a tour in advance. Otherwise, you may not see the beautiful view that this building offers, because the place gets very crowded.

Museum Island

Museum island

This island, one of the most visited places of Germany, is a tourist attraction of 5 different museums. The Bode Museum, the Neues Museum, the Alte Nationalgalerie, the Altes Museum and the Pergamon Museum welcomes you in the Museum Island. In addition to many historical monuments belonging to ancient times, it is possible to see works of Islamic Art, Roman, and Greek work within this museum complex.

Berliner Dom

Berlin Dom

Built in the 1700s, the building is an example of the baroque style. Berliner Dom was demolished in 1894 by Willhelm II and rebuilt in a neo-baroque style. The building has been constantly restored throughout history. 

East Side Gallery 

east side gallery

The section on the east side of the Berlin Wall is full of murals. After the destruction of the Berlin Wall, artists from all over the world adorned the wall with their works. This gallery, which has been formed with 105 works, is Berlin's international monument of freedom. It is one of the largest open-air galleries in the world with a length of 1.3 kilometers.

Where to Stay in Berlin?

The 12 districts of Berlin offer a variety of choices for accommodation. In Berlin, you'll find five-star hotels, but you'll find hostels and cheaper alternatives as well. The most ideal areas to stay are Mitte, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Neukölln, and Kreuzberg. These areas are preferred for being close to the city center, public transportation, and tourist attractions.

Mitte is a bit more expensive than in other regions. In the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district, you can stay at slightly more reasonable rates. 


What to Eat in Berlin?

what to eat in Berlin

You can find almost any world-cuisine in Berlin. German cuisine on the other hand is very particular, there are many street vendors as well as restaurants you can try to taste the local flavours in the city.

Currywurst is one of the things that is unique to Berlin. It’s basically spicy sausage with ketchup. On the streets of Berlin, you can see many buffets selling Currywurst.

If you want to try the best you can stop by the Curry 36, Konnopkens Imbiss or Curry Mitte, the most popular Currywurst shops in the city. 

Shopping in Berlin: The Best Souvenirs to Buy

Kurfürstandamm, also named by Berliners Ku’damm, one the crowded avenues of Berlin. You can find lots of stores here like Urban Outfitters, Forever 21 and Zara. It’s a great place for window shopping. KaDeWe is a department store for luxury seekers. You can find stores like Chanel, Balmain, and Zegna here or you can get to the top floor and enjoy some gourmet food. 

You should definitely buy some German food when you visit Berlin, like blutwurst. Other souvenirs unique to Berlin can be small fragments from the Berlin Wall which you can find in some shops, or special gummy bears.

Nightlife in Berlin

Berlin has a wild nightlife. You can find a bar, pub or a club almost any part of the city. You should check the Berghain if you’re interested in odd experiences. This club locates in an old electric plant and it’s highly popular amongst locals. The city offers a great variety of experiences, especially in the city center.

Essential Phone Numbers to Know 

Area Code: 030

Schönefeld Airport: +49 180 500 01 86

Police: 110

Ambulance: 112

Berlin police hotline: +49 30 4664 4664

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